Mariah Carey Struggling With Bipolar Disorder
Mariah Carey has revealed she is living with bipolar disorder, which can cause moods to swing from one extreme to another.
According to the very well known celebrity magazine People, although she was first diagnosed in 2001 (when she was hospitalized for a physical and mental breakdown), “I didn’t want to believe it,” the superstar singer-songwriter told PEOPLE editor in chief Jess Cagle.
Carey said she finally sought treatment recently after “the hardest couple of years I’ve been through” — years of professional upheaval, an E! reality show and romantic drama.
“Until recently I lived in denial and isolation and in constant fear someone would expose me,” she says. “It was too heavy a burden to carry and I simply couldn’t do that anymore. I sought and received treatment, I put positive people around me and I got back to doing what I love — writing songs and making music.”
Here are some key questions answered about the condition.
What is bipolar?
People with bipolar disorder experience episodes of depression, when they feel low and lethargic, and periods of mania, when they may feel overactive and very high, according to the NHS.
Unlike normal mood swings, these episodes can last for several weeks and sometimes longer.
What is mania?
Those who have a manic phase can feel happy and energetic, may talk quickly, become annoyed easily and not feel like eating or sleeping.
Some people become very creative, while others may experience symptoms of psychosis such as seeing or hearing things that are not there.
What is type two bipolar disorder?
Singer Carey told celebrity magazine People that she has type two bipolar disorder, a mixture of manic and depressive episodes.
Type one is diagnosed when someone mainly experiences mania, with some or no periods of depression.
A third type called Cyclothymia is diagnosed in those who have both manic and depressive episodes, but with less severe symptoms.
What causes bipolar?
While the exact cause of bipolar disorder is not known, it has been suggested that severe stress and life-changing events can trigger the disorder, as well as genetic and chemical influences.
How many people are affected?
Around one in every 100 adults has bipolar disorder at some point in their life, according to the Royal College of Psychiatrists.
Some people may experience a small number of bipolar episodes, while others have many.
It usually develops between the ages of 15 and 19 and rarely appears for the first time in over 40s, the NHS said.
What treatments are available?
Medication to prevent episodes of mania and depression, known as mood stabilizers, can be taken on a long-term basis.
Drugs can also be prescribed to treat the symptoms as and when they occur.
Some people also find psychological treatment and changes to their lifestyle can help them manage the disorder.
Sources: People / Press Association 2018